Science

Department Goals and Approach

Science

The Science Department works to provide hands-on learning experiences to all cadets through investigation and experimentation.  The department’s goal is to develop the cadets’ intellectual curiosity and independent thought through lessons on physical, biological, earth, and laboratory sciences.

Academic Approach:

From seventh grade Life Science to Advanced Placement level courses, cadets use scientific methodology and assessment to master core concepts.  Emphasis is placed on experimentation, error and analysis, teamwork, written and verbal communication, and problem solving.  Additionally, upper-level physical science courses strengthen the cadets’ math skills by adding real world applications for the calculations they learn in their math classes.

Science Curriculum

Exercise Psychology

Exercise Physiology – 11th or 12th grades – UC approval in Process – Full Year
Pre-requisite: Successful completion of Biology with a “C” or better.
Exercise Physiology teaches the anatomical and psychological systems recruited during exercise. Emphasis is placed upon the physiological changes that occur during exercise as well as the structural and physiological adaptations that result with a Training Program. Students will be active participants in laboratories that investigate the physiological mechanisms responsible for the exercise response and training adaptations.

AP Biology

AP Biology – 11th or 12th grades – UC Approved Honors Course- Full Year
Pre-requisite: An “A” in Biology or a “B” with instructor approval; concurrent enrollment in or successful completion of Chemistry.
The AP Biology course is the equivalent of a college-level introductory biology course usually taken by biology majors during their first year. This course follows the College Board standards and laboratory guidelines for AP Biology. The course covers the 8 major themes identified by the College Board: Science as a process, evolution, energy transfer, continuity vs. change, correlation of structure and function, regulation, interdependence in nature, and science, technology and society. This course differs from regular biology with respect to the pace, range, and depth of topics covered. This course requires a strong work ethic. Work is more intensive, including labs, and requires out of class time be spent during tutorials, evenings and possibly weekends. All cadets are expected to take the AP exam in May.

AP Chemistry

AP Chemistry -11th or 12th grades – UC Approved Honors Course – Full Year
Pre-requisites: An “A” in Chemistry or a “B” with instructor approval; successful completion of Algebra 2.
AP Chemistry is the equivalent of a general chemistry course usually taken in the first year of college. This course differs from Chemistry with respect to the textbook used, the topics covered, the emphasis on chemical calculations and the mathematical formulation of principles, and the laboratory work completed. All cadets in this course will be expected to take the AP Exam administered at the end of the year.

AP Physics

AP Physics – 11th or 12th grades – UC-Approved Honors Course- Full Year
Pre-requisite: Successful completion of or concurrent enrollment in Pre-Calculus with instructor approval.
AP Physics is the equivalent of a general physics course taken in college. AP Physics is a problem-solving intensive course covering Newtonian mechanics, thermal physics, electricity and magnetism, wave and optics, and atomic and nuclear physics. This course will be taught with emphasis on the AP Exam administered at the end of the year.

Biology

Biology – 9th through 10th grades – UC Approved Course – Full Year
Pre-requisite: Concurrent enrollment in or successful completion of Algebra I and strong English skills.
Biology will provide a meaningful laboratory-based science course that develops the cadet’s ability to analyze and synthesize scientific information. The major focus centers on cellular functions & metabolism, human physiology, genetics, evolution, plant classification and structure. Cadets develop an appreciation of living organisms and the environment that supports their existence. Finally, the cadets will be encouraged to assess their attitudes and behavior patterns and to understand the impact their lifestyle choices have on their communities and on their own well-being.

Chemistry

Chemistry – 10th through 12th grades – UC Approved Course – Full Year
Pre-requisites: Successful completion of Biology and concurrent enrollment in or successful completion of Algebra 2.
Chemistry will provide a study of properties and transformation of matter under normal conditions where molecules dominate. Cadets taking this course will learn methods used by scientists, compositions of matter, chemical symbols, chemical reactions, physical and chemical properties of matter, stoichiometry, atomic and electronic structures, chemical bonding, the states of matter, acids and bases, and reactions in solutions. Cadets will learn to do calculations associated with chemical reactions. Cadets will also be given a brief introduction to equilibrium and oxidation-reduction reactions.

Earth Science 8

Earth Science 8 – 8th grade – Full Year
Earth Science 8 will introduce the cadet to the interrelationship between physical and earth sciences. The topics include key elements of physical science: force and motion, magnetism, electricity, structure of matter, and density and buoyancy. It also includes a general introduction to Earth in the solar system, weather, geology, the periodic table, and the chemistry of living things. Investigation and experimentation are taught throughout the year through the many labs.

Life Science 7

Life Science 7 – 7th grade – Full Year
Life Science 7 will present a scientific study of the structure and function of living organisms and their ecological relationships. More specifically there will be an introduction to general scientific skills and their importance. In addition, the second semester will place an emphasis on heredity, evolution, ecosystems, and the environment. Finally, the key elements of health will be introduced and discussed.

Physical Science

Physical Science – 9th through 12th grades – UC Approved Course – Full Year
Pre-requisite: Successful completion of Algebra 1
Physical Science will provide students with the lifelong science skills necessary to excel in the modern science world. Course work will include the study of concepts that are based in chemistry, physics and earth and space science. These skills will be accomplished through laboratory processes, experimental design, error and analysis, team work, formal written and verbal communication, problem solving, algebraic and trigonometric function manipulation, and creative thinking.

Physics

Physics – 10th through 12th grades – UC Approved Course – Full Year
Pre-requisite: Successful completion of Biology and concurrent enrollment in Algebra 2 with a “B” or higher in Algebra 1 or successful completion of Algebra 2.
Physics will provide cadets with the lifelong science skills necessary to excel in the modern science world. These skills will be accomplished through laboratory work including computer integrated laboratory processes, experimental design, error and analysis, teamwork, formal written and verbal communication, problem solving, algebraic and trigonometric functions. Students will learn about forces, motion, energy, electricity and a wide variety of physical science topics.

Scientific Methods

Scientific Methods – 9th grade – Currently under review for UC Course Approval – One Semester
The Scientific Methods Course is designed to provide cadets with the skills necessary to be most successful in a laboratory based science course such as Biology, Physics, or Chemistry. Major course components include: scientific method and critical thinking, reading and interpreting scientific articles, design and implementation of experiments, proper lab techniques and safety protocols, collection and interpretation of data, conversions, and significant digits and proper scientific notation.